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Malaysia Country Information

Malaysia Representative:
Mr. Baktiar Hasnan
President, National Career Development Centre Association (NACDA Malaysia)
Career Advisor, Multimedia University (MMU)

November 2021 Malaysia report


Labour Demand, Third Quarter of 2021

Total jobs in economic sector in Q3 2021 declined by 66 thousand to 8,406 thousand as compared to the same quarter of the previous year (Q3 2020: 8,472 thousand). The number of filled jobs was 8,232 thousand with the rate of 97.9 per cent while the rate of job vacancies accounted for 2.1 percent with 174 thousand job vacancies. There was 15.04 thousand jobs created in this quarter.

Labour Demand by Skill

In terms of share across skills category, jobs in semi-skilled category recorded the highest share of 62.3 per cent (5,238 thousand). Skilled category ranked second at 24.7 per cent with 2,075 thousand jobs. A total of 13.0 per cent of jobs (1,093 thousand) were in the low-skilled category.

Skilled category recorded 2,075 thousand jobs, rose by 6 thousand from the same quarter of the previous year (Q3 2020: 2,069 thousand) comprising of 98.0 per cent rate of filled jobs (2,033 thousand) and job vacancies of 2.0 per cent (42.1 thousand). Meanwhile, 4.5 thousand jobs were created in this category.

The number of jobs in semi-skilled category decreased by 40 thousand posted 5,238 thousand jobs in this quarter as compared to the same quarter of the preceding year (Q3 2020: 5,278 thousand). Out of this total, 98.2 per cent was filled jobs (5,142 thousand) while 1.8 per cent was job vacancies (95.4 thousand). This category recorded 9.3 thousand of jobs created.

The year-on-year performance of low-skilled category reduced by 2.9 per cent to 1,093 thousand jobs with (Q3 2020: 1,125 thousand). Filled jobs accounted of 96.7 per cent of total jobs (1,056 thousand) while job vacancies rate was 3.3 per cent (36.6 thousand). A total of 1.2 thousand jobs were created in the low-skilled category.

Labour Demand by Economic Activity

Looking at the breakdown by economic activity, more than half of jobs and filled jobs with a share of 51.7 per cent (4,342 thousand) and 52.4 per cent (4,317 thousand) respectively were in Services sector. Within the same period, Manufacturing sector recorded 2,286 thousand jobs (27.2%) and 2,187 thousand of filled jobs (26.6%).

The highest vacancies recorded by Manufacturing sector with a share of 56.9 per cent (99 thousand) followed by Agriculture (16.5%; 29 thousand) and Services (14.6%; 25 thousand).

The percentage share of jobs created primarily dominated by Manufacturing sector with 43.9 per cent (7 thousand). Services sector ranked second with 34.9 per cent (5 thousand) and followed by Construction (15.8%; 2 thousand).







National Career Development Centre Association (NACDA Malaysia) Cuppa Diem: Growth and Well Being 

Date: 18 Nov 2021 

Time: 3.00 – 4.30pm 

Mode: Online 

NACDA Industry Advisors as we chat and share about the growth and well-being of our career practitioners.

Career practitioners from various HEIs Career Centers 


Government Linked Universities (GLU) Student Leadership Summit 2021 – Future of Graduates Session 

Date: 13 Nov 2021 

Time: 12.00 – 1.00 pm 

Mode : online 

To share issues, challenges & preparations required for students, fresh graduates relevant with remote working, agile environment with Covid 19 pandemic 

120 student leaders from Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP), Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN), Universiti Kuala Lumpur (UniKL) and Multimedia University (MMU)  


NACDA Malaysia Dialogue Series Dialogue Series (A Mini Forum) with Widya Mandala Surabaya Catholic University (WMSCU), Indonesia.

Date: 1 Nov 2021 

Time: 11.00 am -12.30 pm 

Mode: online 

To share issues and challenges for business graduates’ students for employability in Malaysia & Indonesia 

Career practitioners, lectures from Business School from various universities, colleges. 


NACDA Malaysia Q3 Members Meeting 

Date: 30 Sept 2021 

Time: 10.00 am – 12.00 pm 

Mode: online 

To share latest updates about student career development, graduates’ employability & labor information market trends, insights 

Career practitioners from various HEIs Career Centers 


EduHub Chat Series 3# 

Date: 7 October 2021 

Time: 3.00 -4.00 pm 

Mode: online 

Speaker: Ms Emily Rose Lizada, Career Counsellor, Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) 

To share HEI students career development and graduate employability initiatives, programs, and partnerships with industries in Philippines 

Career practitioners from various HEIs Career Centers


#SpendLikeLokal: Merdeka Youth Forum


Session 2: Employable Tomorrow: Are You a Survivor?

Day 2 

Date: 29 August 2021 (Sunday) 

Time: 2.00 -4.00 pm 




1. Baktiar Hasnan, President National Career Development Centre Association Malaysia

2. Khairul Ikwan, Founder & Manager of Gig, Venture Enterprise 

an initiative by International Welfare, Economics & Leadership Dialogue (I-WELD), in collaboration with Youth Ventures Asia, presents the inaugural Merdeka Youth Forum; a 3 days virtual roundtable with one big aim, empowering youth to take active participation in shaping the future of Malaysia. 



Ministry Of Higher Education Initiatives to Boost Graduate Employability.

Top of Form

One of the current priorities for the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) is to improve the education system, while producing more holistic and employable graduates

Higher Education Minister Datuk Seri Dr Noraini Ahmad have outlined a five-year plan with four main strategies aimed at producing better graduates that are ready for the workforce.

These strategies revolve around reinforcing talent, expanding careers of graduates, enhancing teaching, and learning, and strengthening industry ties.

For example, the ministry has partnered with Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) to provide graduates access to national employment portal MYFutureJobs. Besides that, TalentCorp is offering its Nurturing Expert Talent module to help with career profiling.

These are timely initiatives, as a study by MOHE showed that the graduate employability rate decreased by 1.8% in 2020

The 2020 Graduate Tracking Study found that Malaysian graduates had a marketability rate of 84.4%, compared to 86.2% in the previous year. In other words, up to 40,550 graduates were not able to secure a job within six months of graduating.

To help make it easier for graduates to find out about job offers and other opportunities, the government introduced Graduates Reference Hub for Employment and Training (GREaT) in September 2020. The one-stop portal now even includes a feature to automatically match unemployed graduates with suitable job vacancies found in their database.

Nevertheless, a positive sign is that polytechnic graduates are in high demand, with a marketability rate of over 90% for five years in a row 

Despite the pandemic, polytechnic graduates still had a 91.2% marketability rate in 2020.

That is why the Ministry of Higher Education will continue to look at the betterment of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programme, along with programme accreditation and recognition at the international level.

Following the tabling of #Bajet2022, Budget 2022, the government announced that MOHE has been allocated RM14.5 billion, which will help education agencies as well as students. Here's how

1. Of the RM14.5 billion allocation, RM11.5 billion will be used for operating expenses and RM3 billion will be channelled for development expenses.

2. From 1 November 2021 to 30 April 2022, those who are repaying their National Higher Education Fund Corporation (PTPTN) loans in full will get a 15% discount. Those who are repaying at least half of their loan balance will get a 12% discount. Also, if you repay your PTPTN loans through salary cuts or scheduled direct debit, you'll be given a 10% discount.

3. Companies that offer scholarships to students will receive double tax deduction, and this policy is now applicable to all fields of study.

4. An estimated 600,000 students from B40 families will receive free tablets, with an allocation of RM450 million for this programme.

5. RM6.6 billion has been allocated for education loan programmes through Majlis Amanah Rakyat (MARA), Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), and Yayasan Peneraju. The allocation will also be channelled towards helping students upgrade from certificate programmes to diplomas.

6. Over two million youths will benefit from RM150 e-wallet credit, under the government's eStart programme to foster a culture of cashless transactions. A total of RM300 million has been allocated for this initiative.

7. Employers who hire school leavers and graduates aged 18 to 30 years old will be provided a monthly incentive of RM900. This amount will be given monthly for each hire for a period of six months.

8. The government also called for the private sector to offer an allowance of RM900 to students undergoing industrial training.

9. Tax incentives for the Structured Industrial Training Programme will be extended until the year of assessment 2025, applicable for students at different levels, including master’s degree, Professional Certificate, and Malaysian Skills Certificate Level 1 and 2.

10. RM423 million has been allocated for the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MOST) and MOHE to enhance R&D activities. This includes RM295 million for public universities to play a role in research and innovation.

11. In an effort to increase access to screening and health education, mobile clinic services will be expanded to university teaching hospitals. The capacity of public health service facilities will also be increased, with RM4 billion allocated for the implementation of vaccination programmes as well as other efforts to address COVID-19, including university teaching hospitals.

12. RM6.6 billion will be allocated to the TVET industry, with an additional RM200 million for joint venture programmes with the industry.

13. The government will be carrying out projects like road maintenance, infrastructure renovation, and updating equipment at public universities, polytechnics, and community colleges, with a total allocation of RM2.9 billion.

14. Pioneered by Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) in Penang, the government will be implementing community-based rehabilitation programmes at more universities starting next year.

In addition to these initiatives, daycare facilities will be offered at public universities to support working mothers. The Malaysian Research and Education Network (MYREN) will also get a RM50 million network upgrade, from 500Mbps to 10Gbps.

February 2021 Malaysia report

COVID-19’s impact on Malaysia:

Third Wave of COVID-19 – Total cases in Malaysia have gone up to 223K, 791 deaths.

MCO (Movement Control Order)

The government has reinstated the Movement Control Order (MCO) in the states of Penang, Selangor, Melaka, Johor and Sabah as well as the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan for a two-week period starting Jan 13, 2021. MCO is extended until Feb 18, 2021 and involved all states in Malaysia besides Sarawak.

Educational institutions (from primary school to secondary school -Start the academic year on Jan 20, 2021 with online classes.

October 2020 Malaysia Report

COVID-19’s impact on Malaysia:

  • Third Wave of COVID-19 - Active cases in Malaysia have gone up to 9,903.
  • In total, Malaysia has recorded 28,640 Covid-19 cases since January.
  • CMCO (Conditional Movement Control Order)
  • The CMCO was recently reinstated in the country on October 14 after a rise in COVID-19 cases triggered the need for more extensive safety measures to be put in place. It was originally slated to end on October 27, 2020. However, CMCO has been extended for another 2 weeks until November 9th 2020.
International Seminar Counselling and Well-Being (ISCWB 2020).
  • Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya will be organising International Seminar Counselling and Well-Being (ISCWB 2020), virtual seminar with the theme of “Counseling and Well-Being in the era of Pandemic” on November 19th 2020. (

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July Country Report

Reopening of schools and universities

Reopening of schools starting July 15. Co-curricular and sports activities cannot be held yet, students and teachers only come to school for teaching and learning.

Malaysia Cabinet had agreed for all university  students to eventually return to campuses by October 2020.

  • In Malaysia according to The Malaysian Department of Statistics which have conducted a survey on around 168182 workers, the results shown that the agriculture and services sectors are those that affected the most by this pandemic with highest job losses compared to other field at 21.9% and 15% respectively (The Edge Malaysia, 2020). There are 33% of workers from the fishing sectors lost their jobs whereas there are 21.1% of the labours from the agriculture and plantation have lost their jobs. Meanwhile, there are also 35.45% from the food services sector lost their jobs (The Edge Malaysia, 2020).

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April 2020 Country Report

International Counseling Convention (ICC2020), Malaysia

International Counseling Convention (ICC 2020), Malaysia is postponed to another date due to COVID-19 happening worldwide.

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November 2019 Country report


University of Malaya (Malaysia) will be organising STEM For Shared Prosperity Forum on 29th November 2019 (Friday) at Physics Department, University of Malaya (2.45-4.30pm).

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September 2019 Country report

by Poh Li Lau


The 2nd International Seminar on Guidance and Counseling on Oct 14th -15th 2019 at EASTPARC Hotel Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This conference is a collaboration between Malaysia-Indonesia through ABKIN and PERKAMA.


Social Support, Resilience and Work Readiness among University Students: A Structural Equation Model. – RM5000 Research Grant Faculty.

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